Influencer marketing is one of those buzzwords that has picked up a lot of steam over the last couple years. As with any new ad vehicle, there is a good deal of mystery around metrics, benchmarks and inventory selection. Advertising Standards Canada even announced recently that it would be cracking down on brands that lack proper disclosure alongside influencer promotions.
I wanted to kick off this column with the question that brands ask me most of all: pricing. What are we supposed to pay for these people?
In the words of one anonymous social media exec, “we threw too much money at them and did it too quickly. So in 2014, they were making $500 to show up and take some photos. Then it became $1,500. Now it’s hundreds of thousands of dollars.” This sentiment is shared by many industry observers.
Marketers are now beginning to place rigid, quantitative metrics around influencer ROI. Without any fancy algorithms, there are some basic calculations every marketer should make.
Many marketers will look at an influencer’s total subscriber count and make a quick judgement call. In fact, not all subscribers are created equal. The more telling number is average views per video (on YouTube), average likes per post (on Instagram), and average number of comments per post. Furthermore, are the comments timely and relevant? These are critical ratios to investigate, beyond top line numbers. (Tip: Very low subscriber to engagement ratios could point to subscriber fraud.)
Established media benchmarks
With decades of knowledge on CPMs for TV, radio, print and digital, any savvy marketer can engineer a reasonable rate card. For a YouTube comparison, simply look at what you would pay for a product placement on TV. Calculate the reach and factor in creative costs (if the influencer is doing their own production). The resulting formula might look like this:
500,000 (subscribers) x $19 (CPM) / 1,000 = $9,500
+ $1,500 (Creative, assuming there is some workload involved)
So in the example above, we might pay that influencer $11,000 for a product placement within a YouTube video. On Instagram, use a glossy magazine as the comparable.
Certain subject categories have a large population of influencers, like beauty or gadgets, while other categories have a much more narrow selection. In Canada, we have found that French-speaking Canadian influencers, with a sizeable reach, demand a premium. Across Europe, we are seeing demand for entertainment and technology. In the US, Influicity is seeing a spike for influencers who reach coastal cities. We see category-specific demand in Australia and various parts of Asia.
An influencer’s mainstream credibility will certainly affect their price tag. Does the influencer regularly appear on TV? Are they a well-known author? Did they star in a reality show? The lines are blurring between mainstream celebrities and social/digital influencers with some of today’s biggest celebrities having gotten their start on social. Marketers must account for the halo affect of a certain influencer’s endorsement.